Word Bank – increases as each letter sound is taught
Some words are underlined. These words tend to give an inaccurate pronunciation. However, the pronunciations are so close that the children are able to 'tweak' them and read them, especially if the words are in their vocabulary. Initially, it is sensible to make sure the children know how to blend the words that are not underlined before using the underlined ones.
The underlined words fall into different types, such as:-
• as, resist, is etc. – the /s/ sound is more like a light /z/ sound
• pasta, lemon, attack, packet etc. – in many words, a vowel is not always pronounced accurately and makes an /uh/ type of sound. This is known as a schwa. Sometimes it can even sound a bit like a different vowel, as in packet /pacit/. This causes a few problems with reading but makes spelling much harder.
• ink, tank, sunk, etc. – the is pronounced /ngk/ - there are few problems for reading and the spelling difficulties can be overcome by teaching the children to write when they hear /ngk/, and learn the odd one that does not follow this advice, such as 'uncle'.
• sense, sneeze, mouse, cassette, opposite, etc. – the on the end gives no sound but the word can be heard after blending the letter sounds that come before the.
• apple, kennel, devil, royal, cheerful, etc. – these all have an /lll/ sound at the end. The children cope well for reading but have to remember which alternative to use for spelling.
• catch, pitch, hutch, etc. – the is not pronounced.
• doctor, collar, - the and have an /er/ sound. Again spelling is more of a problem than reading. • salt, alter, walrus, etc. – the give an /or/ sound but the is also pronounced.
• bold, told, sold, etc. – the is not a /o/ or an /oa/. It is in-between these two sounds and only becomes more difficult when spelling.
• blue grew, rude, etc. – have an /oo/ sound rather than a /ue/ sound.
• fast, class, path, etc. – children with a northern accent have no problems with these words. In the south, the words are pronounced with an /ar/ sound. Most southern children can 'tweak' the pronunciation and cope well with these words, especially when it has been explained in class.